iLite Assay Ready Cells Product Spotlight

One of our supplier’s was recently featured in an editorial by Select Science! Svar Life Sciences has been working closely with Dr. Erik Tillman at Akero Therapeutics. Tillman and his team are developing a multi-modal drug that could help treat the drivers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a severe form of non-alcoholic related fatty liver disease (NAFLD) that has increased risk for cardiovascular and liver related morbidity and mortality. Him and his team have been working with Svar to create custom iLite assay-ready cells for the cell-based assays that have become a key role in the work Tillman and his teammates perform daily.

“The assay-ready cells have been much more robust and the results have been more reproducible than other cell-based assays that we had tried to use or develop in the past,” says Tillman. “Using the assay-ready cells from Svar, we understand how the cells have been made and characterized, and we are confident in how the cells are going to perform from one vial to the next, and from one lot to the next. Svar’s expertise in the engineering of the cell system and our results thus far have given us the confidence to broaden our use of the assay-ready cells.”

Click here to read the full editorial about Dr. Tillman’s research and the role of Svar’s iLite assay-ready cells.


If you have any questions about Svar’s iLite Assay Ready Cells or our other offerings contact us here.

RANKL Regulates Male Reproductive Function
Infertility is a frequent problem affecting up to 26% of all couples globally. Impaired semen quality is responsible for approximately 50% of all cases, but no treatment options exist. This current study provides insights into a yet unrecognized regulatory role of RANKL in male reproductive function.

Abstract


Infertile men have few treatment options. Here, we demonstrate that the transmembrane receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL) signaling system is active in mouse and human testis. RANKL is highly expressed in Sertoli cells and signals through RANK, expressed in most germ cells, whereas the RANKL-inhibitor osteoprotegerin (OPG) is expressed in germ and peritubular cells. OPG treatment increases wild-type mouse sperm counts, and mice with global or Sertoli-specific genetic suppression of Rankl have increased male fertility and sperm counts. Moreover, RANKL levels in seminal fluid are high and distinguishes normal from infertile men with higher specificity than total sperm count. In infertile men, one dose of Denosumab decreases RANKL seminal fluid concentration and increases serum Inhibin-B and anti-Müllerian-hormone levels, but semen quality only in a subgroup. This translational study suggests that RANKL is a regulator of male reproductive function, however, predictive biomarkers for treatment-outcome requires further investigation in placebo-controlled studies.

Find the full text here.


Eagle Biosciences offers an ELISA kit that can measure soluble RANKL and OPG in serum and seminal fluid. These kits are reliable and highly sensitive. For more information about these kits or our other offerings, contact us here.

Free soluble RANKL ELISA Assay Kit
Osteoprotegerin ELISA Assay Kit

Eagle Biosciences Announces Agreement with Genetic Analysis

Eagle Biosciences Announces Agreement with
Genetic Analysis AS for Distribution in North America

Eagle Biosciences, Inc., a North American distributor of assay kits and antibodies, recently announced a distribution agreement with Genetic Analysis AS, a Norwegian molecular diagnostics company. The focus of the collaboration is on the unique, patented GA-map® Dysbiosis Test which detects and characterizes imbalance in the gut microbiota (dysbiosis) in human fecal samples. Additionally, Genetic Analysis has developed a fecal COVID-19 test that is performed on the same GA-map platform and is an important research tool in the analysis of an individual’s COVID-19 status.

Genetic Analysis (GA) is a molecular diagnostics company with a core focus of providing innovative tools for studying the human microbiome. GA has developed and launched the GA-map platform for routine gut microbiome research and analysis. The first test on this groundbreaking platform is the GA-map Dysbiosis Test. The Dysbiosis Test is the first documented test to identify and characterize the gut microbiota composition. The GA-map Test platform is not based on sequencing but is a targeted probe-based assay. The precise and targeted approach makes it an easy plug and play platform as long as the targets are identified. GA’s vision is to become the company that standardizes gut microbiota testing worldwide.

“We are looking forward to working with Genetic Analysis and the opportunity to bring their products to labs in the US and Canada.”, states Eagle Biosciences President Dan Keefe. “Genetic Analysis has been a pioneer in the microbiota industry and has over ten years of experience in the field. We are especially excited about their GA-map® Dysbiosis Test because it is the first standardized, off-the-shelf biome mapping kit and can be run in any PCR lab.”

If you have any questions about the GA-map® test platform or any of Eagle Biosciences products, please contact us here.

About Genetic Analysis AS

Genetic Analysis AS (GA) is a science-based diagnostic company and pioneer in the human microbiome field with more than 10 years of expertise in research and product development. The unique GA-map® platform is based on a pre-targeted multiplex approach specialized for simultaneous analysis of a large number of bacteria in one reaction. The test results are generated by utilizing the clinically validated cutting edge GA-map® software algorithm. This enables immediate results without the need of further bioinformatics work. GA’s mission is to become the leading company for standardized gut microbiota testing worldwide, and GA is committed to help unlocking and restoring the human microbiome through its state-of-the-art technology. GA holds 22 highly qualified employees with relevant scientific backgrounds and with competence in bioinformatics, molecular biology, and bioengineering.

For more information about Genetic Analysis, click here.

About Eagle Biosciences, Inc.

Since 2010, Eagle Biosciences has been providing the highest quality and best value immunoassays, antibodies, and proteins available on the market. There are many suppliers of ELISAs and other assays and hundreds of thousands of products to choose from, but EagleBio only offers products that deliver the maximum level of performance and provide reliable and trusted results.

For more information about Eagle Biosciences, Inc., click here.

Studies show that Angiopoietin-2 is a strong predictor in COVID-19 patients

Two research teams find that increased levels of the proinflammatory cytokine Angiopoietin-2 predicts transfer to the ICU and is responsible for hypercoagulation observed in critically ill COVID-patients.

Studies:

Angiopoietin-2 as a marker of endothelial activation is a good predictor factor for intensive care unit admission of COVID-19 patients. Smadja DM et al., Angiogenesis, 2020;1-10. Full text

Elevated Angiopoietin-2 inhibits thrombomodulin-mediated anticoagulation in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Hultstrom M et al., MedRxiv preprint server, 2021. Full text

Click here for a summary of the findings.

Background

SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent of the coronavirus respiratory disease COVID-19. It has a diverse range of symptoms and may cause severe illness, in particular in patients with cardiovascular risk factors (1).

Endothelial damage and inflammation in SARS-CoV-2 infection

The inflammatory cytokine storm occurring in COVID-19 patients, leads to the recruitment of leukocytes which damage the capillary endothelium. The endothelial damage and inflammation in several organs in SARS-CoV-2 infection is a direct consequence of viral involvement and of the host inflammatory response (2).
Despite the routine thrombosis prophylaxis as standard of care treatment, the major COVID-19 complication is the hyperactivation of the coagulation system indicating a poor prognosis among COVID-19 patients in intensive care (3).

Angiopoietin-2 (ANG2) is a soluble marker of endothelial activation

Angiopoietin-2 is an angiogenesis regulator that can be rapidly released by the activated endothelium upon thrombin or inflammatory cytokines. ANG2 induces inflammation and vascular hyperpermeability and correlates with adverse outcomes in several critical care syndromes (4, 5).

Angiopoietin-2 is a crucial factor to predict transfer to the ICU

In COVID-19 patients, ANG2 was recently reported by Smadja and colleagues to be a relevant factor to predict transfer to the ICU as it was associated with poor lung compliance (6). Thus, showing that endothelial activation reinforces the hypothesis of a COVID-19-associated microvascular dysfunction.

Angiopoietin-2 inhibits anticoagulation in critically ill COVID-19 patients

Hulstrom and colleagues recently demonstrated that ANG2 levels in critically ill COVID-19 patients correlate with disease severity, hypercoagulation, and mortality. In addition, the researchers provided novel in vivo evidence for a direct role for ANG2 in coagulation through binding to and inhibition of thrombomodulin-mediated anticoagulation. The scientists suggest that inhibition of ANG2 might be beneficial for treating critically ill COVID-19 patients, as well as other patients with hypercoagulation (7).

About the Angiopoietin ELISA

  • Low sample volume – only 10µl needed
  • Assay range optimized for clinical samples
  • Ready to use standards and 2 controls included
  • Highly specific epitope mapped capture and detection antibodies

The human Angiopoietin-2 ELISA kit was developed and manufactured by Biomedica

Literature

  1. Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Zhou F et al., Lancet, 2020; 395(10229):1054-1062.
  2. Endotheliitis in COVID-19. Varga S. Der Pathologe, 2020; 41(Suppl 2):99-102.
  3. COVID-19 and coagulation: bleeding and thrombotic manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Al-Samkari H et al., Blood, 2020:136, 489-500.
    Role of Angiopoietin-2 in Vascular Physiology and Pathophysiology. Akwii RG et al., Cells, 2019; 8(5): 471.
  4. Circulating angiopoietin-2 and the risk of mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 10 prospective cohort studies. Li F et al., Therapeutic advances in respiratory disease, 2020; 14, 1753466620905274.
  5. Angiopoietin-2 as a marker of endothelial activation is a good predictor factor for intensive care unit admission of COVID-19 patients. Smadja DM et al., Angiogenesis, 2020;1-10.
  6. Elevated Angiopoietin-2 inhibits thrombomodulin-mediated anticoagulation in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Hultstrom M et al., MedRxiv preprint server, 2021.

Sclerostin expression in trabecular bone is down-regulated by osteoclasts

Scientific Reports

Bone tissues have trabecular bone with a high bone turnover rate and cortical bone with a low turnover. Expression of sclerostin by osteocytes works to inhibit bone formation. A study performed recently aimed to evaluate the relationship between the secretion of sclerostin by osteocytes and the secretion of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) by osteoclasts. It was found that LIF secretion effectively suppresses sclerostin expression and promotes bone formation.

Read the full article here.


Eagle Biosciences offers a sensitive and reliable assay for the detection of sclerostin in serum and plasma samples:

Sclerostin ELISA Assay Kit

Mouse LIF ELISA Assay Kit

Human LIFR ELISA Assay Kit

Free Soluble RANKL ELISA Assay Kit

If you are looking for any other specific Bone Monitoring related products or if you have questions about our offerings, contact us here.

Biomarker of urinary 5-HIAA as a valuable predictor of acute appendicitis

Science Direct

Acute appendicitis is one of the most common causes of severe acute abdominal pain globally. Increased levels of 5-Hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), a metabolite of serotonin, in urine has been associated with acute appendicitis due to the densely packed serotonin-containing cells in the appendix. A study performed recently aimed to evaluate and determine the significance of 5-HIAA as a diagnostic marker.

Read the full article here.


Eagle Biosciences offers a sensitive and reliable assay for the detection of 5-HIAA in urine samples:

5-HIAA ELISA Assay Kit

Serotonin ELISA Assay Kit

Serotonin Ultrasensitive ELISA Assay Kit

If you are looking for any other specific 5-HIAA related product or if you have questions about our offerings, contact us here.

Studies Show that Neuropilin-1 Could Play Role in Transmission of COVID-19

Eagle News

Two Independent Research Teams Find Possible Link Between Neuropilin-1 and SARS-CoV-2 Transmission

Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is an essential transmembrane cell surface receptor acting primarily as a co-receptor for various ligands (i.e. VEGF, Semaphorins). Due to alternative splicing or shedding, the extracellular region can be released into circulation as soluble Neuropilin-1. NRP1 functions in many key biological processes including the neuronal, cardiovascular and the immune system. The virus SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent of the coronavirus disease COVID-19 NRP1 is expressed in multiple cell types in the body but occurs primarily on cells in the lung, nose and brain (i.e. respiratory and olfactory epithelium as well as in the CNS). SARS CoV 2 enters the host cells by its spike proteins mainly through its binding to the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2).

Click here for summary of findings.

Studies:

Neuropilin-1 facilitates SARS-CoV-2 cell entry and provides a possible pathway into the central nervous system. Cantuti-Castelvetri L et al., Science 13 Nov, 2020; Vol. 370, Issue 6518, pp. 856-860. Full publication.

Neuropilin-1 is a host factor for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Daly JL et al., Science, 13 Nov 2020; Vol. 370, Issue 6518, pp. 861-865. Full publication.

About the Neuropilin-1 ELISA:

  • Only assay that measures free and ligand bound soluble NRP1
  • Low sample volume – only 10µl needed
  • Highly specific using epitope mapped antibodies
  • Rigorously validated according to international guidelines

Contact us for more information about this or our other SARS-CoV-2 related products.

Eagle News

Immune Monitoring COVID-19

Cells infected with SARS-CoV-2 are only visible to CD8+ T cell after virus proteins have been processed and presented by MHC class I molecules – and only then are the CD8+ T cell able to eradicate the infection. While antibodies against the COVID-19 virus are important to prevent or minimize infection, CD8+ T cells are responsible for clearing the virus from the body. Hence, the identification of peptides being presented by MHC class I is essential to:

  • Design potent vaccines eliciting a persistent response and
  • Using MHC class I tetramers to monitor cellular immune responses
  • Assessments of vaccine induced cellular immunity

immunAware’s MHC class I easYmers allow researchers pursuing novel COVID-19 vaccines to generate tetramers and monitor immune responses. In the current pandemic scenario it is essential not to only focus on a few ALA allotypes; rather it is essential to be able to monitor as many allotypes as possible to ensure a novel vaccine targets a broad range of allotypes. Our portfolio of easYmers cover 34 HLA allotypes (HLA-A,-B,-C) which is further supplemented by HLA molecules available for custom tetramer production, bringing the number of available allotypes up to 81. Thus, our range of allotypes ensures a coverage to a 2% frequency in the caucasian population.

The easYmer reagents can also be used to validate the binding of predicted epitopes to further stratify the selection of potential COVID-19 vaccine targets.

As the US distributor for immunAware, Eagle Biosciences offer their extensive catalog of easYmer and MHC tetramer products, including:
easYmer HLA-C*07:02 MHC Tetramers Kit
HLA-A*29:02 (WYMWLGARY) Class I Tetramer
easYmer HLA-B*15:01 MHC Tetramers Kit

See our full list of immunAware products here. If you have questions or for assistance with a specific product, please contact us.

Alzheimer’s targets brain cells that help people stay awake

Science News

New Alzheimer’s disease research is providing valuable insight into the cause of the drowsiness associated with dementias. A study performed in a neuropathology lab at UC San Francisco found the brain stem and hypothalamus to be packed with tau protein. The brain stem and hypothalamus oversee several nervous system functions, including keeping people awake and focused. Tau forms “tangles” inside of nerve cells and hinder them from performing necessary functions. In studying three areas of theses structures that help keep people awake, researchers found over 70 percent of the nerve cells were destroyed by tau. These findings will help to drive a greater focus on the brain stem in dementia and Alzheimers research.

Read the full article here.

Eagle Biosciences offers a sensitive and reliable assay for detection of tau in cell culture supernatant, serum, cell culture extracts, plasma, cerebral spinal fluid. We also offer several Tau monomer and preformed fibril products.

Tau ELISA Assay Kit

Active Human Recombinant Tau (K18), P301L mutant Protein Monomer

Active Human Recombinant Tau441 (2N4R) mutant Protein Monomer

Active Human Recombinant Tau (K18), P301L mutant PPF

Active Human Recombinant Tau441 (2N4R), P301S mutant PPF

If you are looking for a specific tau protein related product or if you have questions about our offerings, contact us here.

Our Anti-Phospholipid IgM and IgG Line Immunoassays were used in two recent studies. These assays are part of our DotDiver line of products from Generic Assays (designed for use with the DotDiver 2.0 Immunoassay Processor).

The first study performed a comparison of the line immunoassays versus the ELISA method to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity. The second study focused on using line immunoassays to examine thrombotic risk of non-criteria anti-phospholipid antibodies. Abstracts and citation information for both studies are below.

Product pages:
DotDiver Anti-Phospholipid IgM
DotDiver Anti-Phospholipid IgG

Contact us for more information about out DotDiver products.


Evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a novel line immunoassay for the detection of criteria and non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies in comparison to established ELISAs. (Full Article)

Abstract Background:
Persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) constitute the serological hallmark of the anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS). Recently, various new assay technologies for the detection of aPL better suited to multiplex reaction environments than ELISAs emerged. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of such a novel line immunoassay (LIA) for the simultaneous detection of 10 different aPL.

Thaler MA, Bietenbeck A, Steigerwald U, Buttner T, Schierack P, Lindhoff-Last E, et al. (2019) Evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a novel line immunoassay for the detection of criteria and non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies in comparison to established ELISAs. PLoS ONE 14(7): e0220033. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220033


Thrombotic Risk of Non-Criteria Anti-Phospholipid Antibodies Measured by Line Immunoassay: Superiority of Anti-Phosphatidylserine and Anti-Phosphatidic Acid Antibodies  (Full Article)

Abstract Background:
Increasing interest has focused on the development of new assays more specific for APS and application of multiple combinations of anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPLs). This study explored the thrombotic risk of non-criteria aPLs measured by a new line immunoassay (LIA) and the benefit of additional non-criteria aPLs results to the APS diagnosis.

Park HS, Gu JY, Jung HS, Kim HK. (2019) Thrombotic risk of non-criteria anti-phospholipid antibodies measured by line immunoassay: superiority of anti-phosphatidylserine and anti-phosphatidic acid antibodies. Clin. Lab. 2019;65:207-213. DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.171207