Cortisol Saliva ELISA Assay Kit
The Cortisol Saliva ELISA Assay Kit is for Research Use Only
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 1 ng/mL
Dynamic Range: 1–100 ng/mL
Incubation Time: 90 minutes
Sample Type: Saliva
Sample Size: 50 µL
Specimen Collection and Storage
Approximately 1 mL of saliva is required per duplicate determination. Collect 4–5 mL of saliva into a clean glass tube (Salivette by Sarstedt may be used) without force or inducement and before eating, drinking or brushing the teeth. Simply rinse the mouth with water before collection. Do not use blood-contaminated specimens. Store samples at 4°C for up to 24 hours or at -10°C or lower if the analyses are to be done at a later date. Consider all human specimens as possible biohazardous materials and take appropriate precautions when handling.
Cortisol is the most abundant circulating steroid and the major glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. Cortisol is physiologically effective in blood pressure maintenance and anti-inflammatory activity. It is also involved in calcium absorption, gluconeogenesis as well as the secretion of gastric acid and pepsin. It is increased under stress situations, physical exercise and external administration of ACTH. Measurement of cortisol levels in general can be used as an indicator of adrenal function and the differential diagnosis of Addison’s and Cushing’s diseases as well as adrenal hyperplasia and carcinoma.
Most circulating cortisol is bound to cortisol binding globulin or transcortin and albumin. The free cortisol, which is considered the active part of blood, is about 1–2%. In the absence of appreciable amounts of the cortisol binding proteins in saliva, salivary cortisol is considered to be free and shows a diurnal rhythm with the highest levels in the morning and the lowest levels at night.