Zonulin Stool ELISA Assay Kit

$990.00

The Zonulin Stool ELISA Assay Kit measures the zonulin content in stool. An ELISA reader is required for evaluation of the zonulin content. The Eagle Biosciences Zonulin Stool ELISA Assay kit is For Research Use Only.

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Zonulin Stool ELISA Assay Kit

Zonulin Stool ELISA Assay Kit manufactured in Germany by Immundiagnostik

Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 0.241 ng/mL
Dynamic Range: 0.25 – 64 ng/mL
Incubation Time: 2.5 hours
Sample Type: Stool
Sample Size: 15 mg
Alternative Names: Zonulin ELISA (Stool), Human Zonulin Stool ELISA
For Research Use Only
Controls Included


Reference range:
Based on Immundiagnostik studies of stool samples of apparently healthy persons (n = 40), a median value of 61ng/ml (± 46ng/ml) was estimated. We recommend each laboratory to establish its own reference range.


Assay Background for Zonulin Stool ELISA Assay Kit


Zonulin is a novel human protein analogue to the zonula occludens toxin derived from Vibrio cholerae which participates in tight junctions between cells of the wall of the digestive tract. Zonulin binds to a specific receptor on the surface of intestinal epithelia and triggers a cascade of biochemical events which induces tight junction disassembly and a subsequent permeability increase of the intestinal epithelia, al­lowing some substances to pass through and activate immune reactions.

Fasano and his co-workers found that the zonulin-zonulin-receptor-system is more activated in celiac disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus patients. Patients with active celiac disease showed higher levels of zonulin and anti-zonulin antibodies compared to non-celiac patients and patients in remission, who were on a gluten-free diet.
Concerning the autoimmune type 1 diabetes, in experiments with rats it could be demonstrated that elevated zonulin levels as well as increased intestinal permeabili­ty precede a type 1 diabetes disease. Conversely, type 1 diabetes could be prevented by inhibition of zonulin in animal experiments.

In addition, it was reported that many people who suffer from celiac disease also suf­fer from other autoimmune disorders. It is suggested that increased levels of zonulin are a contributing factor to the development of celiac disease and other autoim­mune disorders such as insulin dependent diabetes, multiple sclerosis and rheuma­toid arthritis.


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Additional Information

Assay Principle


This Zonulin Stool ELISA Assay is based on the method of competitive ELISA. As a first preparation step, a biotinylated zonulin tracer is added to the samples, standards and controls. After­wards, aliquots of the treated samples, standards and controls are transferred and incubated in microtiter plate wells coated with polyclonal anti-zonulin antibodies. During the incubation, the free target antigen in the samples competes with the bi­otinylated zonulin tracer for the binding of the polyclonal anti-zonulin antibodies immobilized on the microtiter plate wells. The unbound components are removed by a washing step. During a second incubation step, peroxidase-labeled streptavidin, which binds to the biotinylated zonulin tracer, is added into each microtiter well. After a washing step to remove the unbound components, the peroxidase substrate tetramethylbenzidine is added. Finally, the enzymatic reaction is terminated by an acidic stop solution. The colour changes from blue to yellow and the absorbance is measured in the photometer at 450 nm. The intensity of the yellow colour is inverse proportional to the zonulin concentration in the sample; this means, high zonulin concentration in the sample reduces the concentration of the biotinylated zonulin tracer bound to the immobilized anti-zonulin antibodies and lowers the photometric signal. A dose response curve of absorbance unit (optical density, OD at 450 nm) vs. concentration is generated using the values obtained from the standard.

Learn More about the Zonulin Stool ELISA kit at the Eagle Biosciences Zonulin Biomarker Spotlight

Manual

Product Manual