SHBG ELISA Assay Kit
The SHBG ELISA Assay Kit is For Research Use Only
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 0.1 nmol/L
Dynamic Range: 3.3–295 nmol/L
Incubation Time: 1 hour
Sample Type: Serum
Sample Size: 10 µL
Alternative Names:: Sex Hormone Binding Globulin
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein composed of 373 amino acid residues and three carbohydrate side chains. SHBG has been known by many other names including Testosteroneestradiol Binding Globulin (TeBG), Sex steroid Binding Protein (sBP) and Sex Steroid Binding Globulin (SSBG). One of the main properties of SHBG is its high affinity for steroids, especially the C18, C19 and 17α-hydroxyl groups. The binding of steroids to SHBG is temperature and pH dependent. The three steroids that have a high avidity for SHBG are Dihydrotestosterone, Testosterone and Estradiol. Very small amounts of these steroids are free in biological fluid; the majority are bound to SHBG and albumin. These two fractions, that is, free and bound exist in a state of dynamic equilibrium. When the level of SHBG concentration changes, a remarkable change occurs in both albumin-bound hormone and also in the free fraction.
Throughout life SHBG increases until the eighties in both sexes. During the menstrual cycle SHBG does not seem to vary appreciably, however, according to some authors the concentration of SHBG is elevated in the luteal phase. During pregnancy the level of SHBG rises rapidly until about the 30th week of gestation.
SPECIMEN COLLECTION AND STORAGE
Approximately 0.1 mL of serum is required per duplicate determination. Collect 4–5 mL of blood into an appropriately labelled tube and allow it to clot. Centrifuge and carefully remove the serum layer. Store at 4°C for up to 24 hours or at -10°C or lower if the analyses are to be done at a later date. Consider all human specimens as possible biohazardous materials and take appropriate precautions when handling.