Rat Adiponectin ELISA Assay
The Rat Adiponectin ELISA Assay is For Research Use Only
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 0.08 ng/ml
Incubation Time: 2.5 hours
Sample Type: Serum, Plasma
Sample Size: 10 µL
Manufactured by Mediagnost
Assay Background for Rat Adiponectin ELISA
Adiponectin was described for the first time in the early 90th of the last century as an endocrine factor produced by adipocytes. Adiponectin is involved in regulation of energy- and fat metabolism. So its concentration in the circulation is said to reflect the risk of atherosclerosis and the degree of insulin resistance. Based on the high incidence of these diseases, adiponectin was and still is object of intensive research regarding the underlying biological mechanisms and regarding its value as biomarker. Beside different cell culture models and studies with human patients, mice and rats are suitable model organisms for basic research and pre-clinical studies.
Therefore we developed and validated this test system as a tool for adiponectin measurements in rats usable in research and pre clinical studies. Even if the comparability of rats and humans is limited we offer some background information on human adiponectin physiology in the following section:
Adiponectin is a 30kDa protein which percentage in serum proteins is 0.01%. It is mainly synthesized by Adipocytes, but also muscle cells and hepatocytes have the ability to synthesize Adiponectin. Until now, IGF-I is the only known natural inductor of the synthesis. It consists of a Collagen-like N-terminal and a globular C-terminal domain. In vivo Adiponectin appears with different oligomers. Beside the trimer and ditrimer also high molecular multimers exist. Up to now two different receptors are known, both receptors are ubiquitary expressed, though the distribution in the tissues varies. The Adiponectin Receptor 1 (AdipoR1) is especially in muscle- and AdipoR2 in liver tissue synthesized.
The significance for the organism is not clear until now. First studies show, that adiponectin correlates negatively with BMI and thus it could have relevance for the energy metabolism for example through the regulation of fatty acid oxidation. Beside the correlation with BMI, Adiponectin level is associated with the Insulin-Resistance and so also linked with Type II Diabetes. Adiponectin is associated also with glucose- und lipometabolism.
The formerly proposed diagnostic value of the high molecular weight form of adiponectin was not verified using a commercially available testsystem for the determination of HMW adiponectin. Blueher et al. clearly demonstrate that regarding the diagnosis of insulin resistance, measured by whole body glucose uptake below 40 µmol/kg*min, total adiponectin as determined with the Eagle Biosciences Rat Adiponectin ELISA Assay, is with an area of 0.92 under the receiver-operating curve, of greater diagnostic value.
Furthermore it is involved in inflammatory processes and therewith it is of importance for appearance of arteriosclerosis and coronaritis, thus the determination of Adiponectin level in plasma could serve to estimate the risk of coronary disease. Beside this Adiponectin influences further physiological processes as for example the angiogenesis.