Thyroid Stimulating Hormone ELISA
The Thyroid Stimulating Hormone ELISA is For Research Use Only
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 0.1 μIU/mL
Dynamic Range: 0.2–30 μIU/mL
Incubation Time: 105 minutes
Sample Type: Serum
Sample Size: 50 μL
Alternative Names: TSH ELISA, Human Thyroid Stimulating Hormone ELISA, Human TSH ELISA
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. TSH has two subunits, namely α and β. The α subunit of TSH is similar to the α subunit found in the LH, FSH and hCG glycoprotein hormones. The β subunit however, is specific and differs from hormone to hormone. The thyroid hormones are secreted and produced by the thyroid gland. The production of thyroid hormones is under the regulation of TSH. Also, TSH acts as a stimulator of iodide transport and the gland itself is under the positive control of TSH. The concentrations of thyroid hormones control the secretion of TSH, therefore, a negative feedback exists. It is to be noted that the secretion of thyroid hormones are under the direct, positive effect of the sympathetic nervous system. The major protein component of the thyroid gland is thyroglobulin, a glycoprotein of which the secretion in the blood stream is stimulated by TSH. Therefore, TSH plays an important role in the proper function and development of the thyroid gland. It is recommended to assay both the glycoprotein hormone and the target organ hormones. For example, in primary hypothyroidism the serum level of thyroxine is low while the TSH level is high. In secondary hypothyroidism, both thyroxine and TSH are low. The TSH level is decreased in hyperthyroidism. Today, with all the sensitive assays available, if there were to be only one test to be prescribed for thyroid function, TSH would be the test. TSH determinations are also helpful to monitor patients who receive thyroxine replacement therapy.
SPECIMEN COLLECTION AND STORAGE
Approximately 0.2 mL of serum is required per duplicate determination. Collect 4–5 mL of blood into an appropriately labelled tube and allow it to clot. Centrifuge and carefully remove the serum layer. Store at 4°C for up to 24 hours or at -10°C or lower if the analyses are to be done at a later date. Consider all human specimens as possible biohazardous materials and take appropriate precautions when handling.