Pepsinogen I ELISA Kit
Pepsinogen I ELISA Kit Developed and Manufactured in the USA
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 0.1 ng/mL
Dynamic Range: 3 – 300 ng/ml
Incubation Time: 1.5 hours
Sample Type: Serum
Sample Size: 25 µL
Alternative Names: Pepsinogen 1
For Research Use Only
Assay Background for Pepsinogen I
Pepsinogen consists of a single polypeptide chain of 375 amino acids with an average molecular weight of 42 kDa. Pepsinogen I is synthesized at gastric chief cells and mucous neck cells, while pepsinogen II is produced not only by gastric chief cells, mucous neck cells, but also by clear mucous cells of antrum, etc. The clinical applications of measuring pepsinogen I and pepsinogen II are of useful aid in diagnosing severe atrophic gastritis and stomach cancer. It was suggested that the measurement of serum pepsinogens served as a “serological biopsy” for predicting the presence of atrophic gastritis or superficial gastritis.
Atrophic Gastritis: It was found that a serum pepsinogen I level failed to less than 20 ng/ml was highly specific for severe atrophic gastritis. It is also observed that serum pepsinogen I levels fell with increasing severity of mucosal damage in atrophic gastritis. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of serum pepsinogen I level for advanced atrophic corpus gastritis are about 92% and 90% respectively. On the other hand, the decrease in serum pepsinogen I levels in patients with pernicious anemia and atrophic gastritis was found to be associated with normal or raised pepsinogen II levels. Therefore, a pepsinogen I/pepsinogen II ratio is significantly lower than those with superficial gastritis or normal remnant mucosa.
Stomach Cancer: Low serum pepsinogen I levels were found in patients with gastric cancer, with a threefold higher incidence. Other studies have concluded that low serum pepsinogen I levels may identify persons at increased risk for intestinal types of stomach cancer.
Duodenal Ulcer: A low serum pepsinogen I level can exclude a diagnosis of duodenal ulcer. Although a high pepsinogen I level has less clinical useful for establishing the diagnosis of a duodenal ulcer, the combination of hypergastrinemia and a highly elevated serum pepsinogen I strongly suggests the possibility of the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.