Human VCAM-1 ELISA Assay
The Human VCAM-1 ELISA Assay is For Research Use Only
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 0.6 ng/ml
Dynamic Range: 1.56 ng/ml – 50 ng/ml
Incubation Time: 1h 40min
Sample Type: Serum, Plasma, Cell Culture
Sample Size: 100 µl
Alternative Names: CD106, soluble VCAM-1, sVCAM-1
The vascular cell adhesion protein 1, also known as vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) or differentiation group 106 (CD106), is a protein that in humans is coded by the VCAM1 gene. VCAM-1 functions as a cell adhesion molecule.
The VCAM-1 protein induces the adhesion of lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils to the vascular endothelium. It also plays a role in signal transduction of leukocyte-endothelial cells and may play a role in the development of atherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Positive regulation of VCAM-1 in endothelial cells by cytokines results from increased transcription of the gene (eg, in response to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 (IL-1 )) and the stabilization of the messenger RNA. (MRNA) (e.g., interleukin-4 (IL-4)). The promoter region of the VCAM-1 gene contains functional tandem sites NF-KB (nuclear factor-kappa B). The sustained expression of VCAM-1 lasts more than 24 hours.
Mainly, the VCAM-1 protein is an endothelial ligand of the VLA-4 (Very Late Antigen-4 or α4β1 integrin) of the β1 integrin subfamily. VCAM-1 expression has also been observed in other cell types (eg, smooth muscle cells). It has also been shown to interact with EZR and Moesin.
CD106 also exists on the surface of certain sub-populations of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).
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