BNP Fragment ELISA Kit
BNP Fragment ELISA Kit Developed and Manufactured in Austria by Biomedica
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 171 pmol/L
Dynamic Range: 200 – 6400 pmol/L
Incubation Time: Overnight
Sample Type: serum, citrate plasma, EDTA plasma or heparin plasma
Sample Size: 30 µL
Alternative Names: Brain Natriuretic Peptide Fragment, Human BNP Fragment, Natriuretic Peptide B
For Research Use Only
Assay Background for BNP Fragment ELISA
The natriuretic peptides are members of a family of structurally similar but genetically distinct peptide hormones, consisting of atrial-, brain-, and C-type (ANP, BNP, and CNP, respectively). ANP and BNP preferentially bind to a membrane-bound guanylyl cyclase (GC) receptor called GC-A or NPR1, whereas CNP is the physiological ligand for GC-B (NPR2). The natriuretic peptides play an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular and renal homeostasis and in the regulation of fatty acid metabolism and body weight.
BNP is mainly expressed by ventricular myocardium in response to volume overload and increased filling pressure. BNP has a cleavable signal sequence. Mature BNP consists of 108 amino acids (proBNP or BNP-108), and undergoes cleavage resulting in physiologically active BNP-32 and additional C-terminal fragments along with a physiologically inactive N-terminal peptide comprising amino acids 1-76, which is further degraded proteolytically. BNP fragments in the circulation are therefore very heterogenous.
BNP has a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis with biological actions including natriuresis, diuresis, vasorelaxation, and inhibition of renin and aldosterone secretion. A high concentration of BNP in the bloodstream is indicative of heart failure. The discovery of natriuretic peptides identified an endocrine system that contributes to diuresis and vascular tone. The biology, biochemistry and the pathophysiological role of natriuretic peptides are described in several reviews.