Human Recombinant Superoxide Dismutase Protein Monomer

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SOD (SOD1) fibrils are transduced into cells and function as seeds to trigger the aggregation of endogenously expressed SOD1.

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Human Recombinant Superoxide Dismutase Protein Monomer

For Research Use Only

Specificity: 15.936 kDa
Species: Human
Expression System: E. coli
Buffer: PBS pH 7.4
Storage Temperature: -80ºC

Product manufactured in Canada by StressMarq.

Additional Information

Scientific Background


Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an endogenously produced intracellular enzyme present in almost every cell in the body (3). It works by catalyzing the dismutation of the superoxide radical O2ˉ to O2 and H2O2, which are then metabolized to H2O and O2 by catalase and glutathione peroxidase (2,5). In general, SODs play a major role in antioxidant defense mechanisms (4). There are two main types of SOD in mammalian cells. One form (SOD1) contains Cu and Zn ions as a homodimer and exists in the cytoplasm. The two subunits of 16 kDa each are linked by two cysteines forming an intra-subunit disulphide bridge (3). The second form (SOD2) is a manganese containing enzyme and resides in the mitochondrial matrix. It is a homotetramer of 80 kDa. The third form (SOD3 or EC-SOD) is like SOD1 in that it contains Cu and Zn ions, however it is distinct in that it is a homotetramer, with a mass of 30 kDA and it exists only in the extra-cellular space (7). SOD3 can also be distinguished by its heparin-binding capacity (1). Studies have shown that in vitro, Cu-Zn SOD (SOD1) fibrils are transduced into cells and function as seeds to trigger the aggregation of endogenously expressed SOD1 (9).

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