Free Thyroxine (fT4) ELISA Assay Kit
The Free Thyroxine (fT4) ELISA Assay Kit is For Research Use Only
Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 1 pg/mL
Dynamic Range: 2–80 pg/mL
Incubation Time: 75 minutes
Sample Type: Serum
Sample Size: 25 µL
Alternative Names: fT4, Free T4
Free T4 ELISA Assay Principle
The principle of the Free Thyroxine ELISA Kit enzyme immunoassay test follows the typical competitive binding scenario. Competition occurs between an unlabelled antigen (present in standards, controls and patient samples) and an enzyme-labelled antigen (conjugate) for a limited number of antibody binding sites on the microplate. The washing and decanting procedures remove unbound materials. After the washing step, the enzyme substrate is added. The enzymatic reaction is terminated by addition of the stopping solution. The absorbance is measured on a microtiter plate reader. The intensity of the colour formed is inversely proportional to the concentration of fT4 in the sample. A set of standards is used to plot a standard curve from which the amount of fT4 in patient samples and controls can be directly read. The labelled T4 (conjugate) employed in this assay system has shown no binding properties towards thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) and human serum albumin (HSA). The binding sites on the microplates are designed to be of a low binding-capacity in order not to disturb the equilibrium between T4 and its carrying proteins. The assay is carried out under normal physiological conditions of pH, temperature and ionic strength.
SPECIMEN COLLECTION AND STORAGE
Approximately 0.1 mL of serum is required per duplicate determination. Collect 4–5 mL of blood into an appropriately labelled tube and allow it to clot. Centrifuge and carefully remove the serum layer. Store at 4°C for up to 24 hours or at -10°C or lower if the analyses are to be done at a later date. Consider all human specimens as possible biohazardous materials and take appropriate precautions when handling.