Free Thyroxine (fT4) ELISA Assay Kit

$190.00

The Eagle Biosciences Free Thyroxine (fT4) ELISA Assay Kit (enzyme-linked immunoassay kit) is intended for the direct quantitative determination of free thyroxine in human serum. The Eagle Biosciences Free Thyroxine (fT4) ELISA Assay Kit is for research use only and not to be used in diagnostic procedures.

SKU: T4F31-K01 Categories: , ,

Free Thyroxine (fT4) ELISA Assay Kit

For Research Use Only

Size: 1×96 wells
Sensitivity: 1 pg/mL
Dynamic Range: 2–80 pg/mL
Incubation Time: 75 minutes
Sample Type: Serum
Sample Size: 25 µL

Additional Information

Assay Background


Thyroxine (T4), the principal thyroid hormone, circulates in blood almost completely bound to carrier proteins. However, only the free (unbound) fraction of thyroxine is considered to be biologically active. The main carriers of thyroxine are thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG), pre-albumin and albumin. The measurement of free thyroxine (fT4) levels correlate better with the clinical status than total thyroxine levels. The free T4 assay is a one step competitive ELISA system that is rapid and easy to perform compared to equilibrium dialysis and ultrafiltration methods, which are cumbersome and time-consuming. This system employs a highly specific monoclonal antibody and a non-analog tracer that was proved experimentally to have no significant binding to TBG and albumin. In the euthyroid, normal population the free T4 concentration is 7–22 pg/mL. The level of free T4 is decreased in hypothyroidism while in thyrotoxic patients the level of free T4 is increased.

Assay Principle


The principle of the following enzyme immunoassay test follows the typical competitive binding scenario. Competition occurs between an unlabelled antigen (present in standards, controls and patient samples) and an enzyme-labelled antigen (conjugate) for a limited number of antibody binding sites on the microplate. The washing and decanting procedures remove unbound materials. After the washing step, the enzyme substrate is added. The enzymatic reaction is terminated by addition of the stopping solution. The absorbance is measured on a microtiter plate reader. The intensity of the colour formed is inversely proportional to the concentration of fT4 in the sample. A set of standards is used to plot a standard curve from which the amount of fT4 in patient samples and controls can be directly read. The labelled T4 (conjugate) employed in this assay system has shown no binding properties towards thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) and human serum albumin (HSA). The binding sites on the microplates are designed to be of a low binding-capacity in order not to disturb the equilibrium between T4 and its carrying proteins. The assay is carried out under normal physiological conditions of pH, temperature and ionic strength.

Manual

Product Manual


Publications

Publications


Khalid M. Khan, Faruque Parvez, R. Thomas Zoeller, Barbara A. Hocevar, Lisa M. Kamendulis, Diane Rohlman, Mahbubul Eunus, Joseph Graziano,Thyroid hormones and neurobehavioral functions among adolescents chronically exposed to groundwater with geogenic arsenic in Bangladesh,Science of The Total Environment, Volume 678, 2019, Pages 278-287, ISSN 0048-9697, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.426.